Published in December 2012. JRS Europe interviewed migrants living in Casablanca, Rabat and Tangiers in Morocco, and Algiers, Oran and Tamanrasset in Algeria. This report details the harsh conditions in which migrants and refugees live in both countries. Faced with an inability to support themselves, many become destitute. With neither country having a national refugee law, protection can only be provided by UNHCR, and even this does not guarantee that people will not be deported to the desert borders.